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Title: Effect of sequential pretreatment combinations on the composition and enzymatic hydrolysis of hazelnut shells
Authors: Hoşgün, Emir Zafer
Biran Ay, Suzan
Bozan, Berrin
Keywords: Alkaline pretreatment
dilute acid pretreatment
energy efficiency
hazelnut shells
liquid hot water pretreatment
sequence pretreatment
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Abstract: Hazelnut shells, a high lignin containing biomass, were subjected to individual and sequential liquid hot water (LHW), alkaline (AP) and dilute acid pretreatments (DAP). Among the single pretreatments, LHW demonstrated the highest cellulose recovery of 98.1%, DAP resulted in the highest hemicellulose solubilization of 56.0%, and AP of the highest lignin removal of 49.6%. Employing two-step pretreatment on hazelnut shells, in general, demonstrated an enhanced action of the second pretreatment; therefore, the sequence of the pretreatment methods had a significant impact on both substrate characteristics and enzymatic hydrolysis efficiency of biomass. In terms of delignification, AP-LHW achieved 60.7% lignin removal, while LHW-DAP showed the highest hemicellulose removal of 93.8% and DAP-LHW resulted in the highest cellulose recovery of 94.0%. Structural properties of raw and pretreated hazelnut shells were observed by FTIR. The maximum glucose recovery of 54.9% was observed in DAP-LHW pretreated samples. For this pretreatment combination, almost 1.8 MJ total energy was required to recover 10.2 g glucose. The findings indicated that complete removal of the physical barrier of lignin and hemicellulose might not be essential; partial relocation of lignin and alteration of cellulose structure may also be efficient in increasing the sugar recovery from the lignocellulosic biomass.
ISSN: 1082-6068
Appears in Collections:PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
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