Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13087/937
Title: Boric acid-induced immunotoxicity and genotoxicity in model insect Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
Authors: Gwokyalya, Rehemah
Altuntaş, Hülya
Keywords: boric acid
cell-mediated immunity
Galleria mellonella
genotoxicity
model insect
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Boric acid (BA) is widely used in various industrial process and can be accessed to nontarget organisms. This study aimed to investigate the insecticidal effects of BA and its toxic activities with respect to immunologic and genotoxic effects using Galleria mellonella larvae as a model. BA concentrations (78.125-10,000 ppm) were administrated to the larvae using the feeding method. Concentration-dependent mortality was observed in all larval groups. Probit analysis revealed LC30, LC50, and LC70 values to be 112.4, 320.1, and 911.4 ppm, respectively. These concentrations were used in all bioassays. Drastic reductions in total hemocyte counts along with changes in differential hemocyte counts were observed following BA treatment. Cell viability assays showed dose-dependent reductions in viable cells and an increase in the necrotic and apoptotic ratios after BA treatment. However, mitotic indices of larval hemocytes did not change at all BA concentrations. The cytotoxic effect of BA led to a significant reduction in cellular immune responses such as encapsulation, melanization, and nodulation activities of treated larvae. While BA increased micronucleus ratios at the highest concentration, comet parameters indicating DNA damage increased in G. mellonella larval hemocytes at all concentrations. These report that BA suppresses the immune system of G. mellonella and also poses risks of genotoxicity at high concentrations.
URI: https://doi.org/10.1002/arch.21588
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13087/937
ISSN: 0739-4462
1520-6327
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