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Title: Inorganic CuFeO2 Delafossite Nanoparticles as Effective Hole Transport Materials for Highly Efficient and Long-Term Stable Perovskite Solar Cells
Authors: Akın, Seçkin
Sadegh, Faranak
Turan, Servet
Sönmezoğlu, Savaş
Keywords: perovskite solar cell
inorganic hole transport material
CuFeO2 delafossite nanoparticles
operational stability
thermal and moisture stabilities
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Amer Chemical Soc
Abstract: The regular architecture (n-i-p) of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) has attracted increasing interest in the renewable energy field, owing to high certified efficiencies in the recent years. However, there are still serious obstacles of PSCs associated with Spiro-OMeTAD hole transport material (HTM), such as (i) prohibitively expensive material cost (similar to 450-500 $/g) and (ii) operational instability at elevated temperatures and high humidity levels. Herein, we have reported the highly photo, thermal, and moisture-stable and cost-effective PSCs employing inorganic CuFeO2 delafossite nanoparticles as a HTM layer, for the first time. By exhibiting superior hole mobility and additive-free nature, the best-performing cell achieved a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 15.6% with a negligible hysteresis. Despite exhibiting a lower PCE as compared to the spiroOMeTAD-based control cell (19.1%), nonencapsulated CuFeO2-based cells maintained above 85% of their initial efficiency, while the PCE of control cells dropped to similar to 10% under continuous illumination at maximum power point tracking after 1000 h. More importantly, the performance of control cells was quickly degraded at above 70 degrees C, whereas CuFeO2-based cells, retaining similar to 80% of their initial efficiency after 200 h, were highly stable even at 85 degrees C in ambient air under dark conditions. Besides showing significant improvement in stability against light soaking and thermal stress, CuFeO2-based cells exhibited superior shelf stability even at 80 +/- 5% relative humidity and retained over 90% of their initial PCE. Overall, we strongly believe that this study highlights the potential of inorganic HTMs for the commercial deployment of long-term stable and low-cost PSCs.
ISSN: 1944-8244
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