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Title: The in vivo Tetrahymena thermophila extracellular glucose drop assay for characterization of mammalian insulin activity
Authors: Dede, Ayça Fulya Üstüntanır
Arslanyolu, Muhittin
Keywords: Tetrahymena thermophila
Glucose drop
Animal welfare
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier Gmbh
Abstract: Insulin activity is generally determined by an in vivo rabbit blood glucose drop assay in research and industriel laboratories. The humane experimental techniques imply the use of alternative invertebrate organisms in place of animals, known as replacement rule of the 3Rs. In this study, we report an alternative in vivo extracellular glucose drop assay using unicellular invertebrate Tetrahymena thermophila to replace the use of rabbit and mouse. This assay has four major steps; growing cells, starving cells, treatment of cells and measurement of glucose drop. In this assay, 0.2 mg/ml of human, porcine and bovine insulins dropped extracellular glucose level to 16%, 14% and 12%, respectively in ten minutes. In addition, mammalian insulins respectively increased the cell area about 19%, 15%, and 16% at 6th hour with statistically significant effect on the cell growth, but not in the cell viability. The results showed that the in vivo Tetrahymena thermophila extracellular glucose drop assay could be used as an alternative assay to replace the mouse or the rabbit insulin blood glucose drop assay. (C) 2021 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0932-4739
Appears in Collections:PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
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