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Title: The thermal diffusion coefficient of membrane-electrode assemblies relevant to polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells
Authors: Bozkurt, Kerem
Akyalçın, Levent
Kjelstrup, Signe
Keywords: Heat of transfer
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics
Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell
Thermal diffusion
Water transport
Activation energy
Diffusion in gases
Heat transfer
Solid electrolytes
Thermal diffusion
Coated layers
Diffusion membranes
Gas diffusion layers
Heat of transfer
Membrane electrode assemblies
Microporous layers
Non equilibrium thermodynamics
Positive coefficients
Thermal diffusion coefficients
Water transport
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Abstract: This study focuses on the role of the combined gas diffusion layer and membrane on thermal diffusion coefficient and its effects on water transport in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell. Thermal diffusion coefficients were reported for water in typical membrane-electrode assemblies. Gas diffusion layers and, in some cases, microporous layers, surrounded the membrane in the center. The sign of the coefficient depended on the materials used. While the Teflon-coated and microporous layer-containing Sigracet 10BC type gas diffusion layer has positive coefficients, the Sigracet type 10BA and 10AA without such microporous layer have negative coefficients. The thermal diffusion coefficient has an activation energy, supporting the idea of water movement by activated jumps. We conclude that hydrophobic layers may significantly improve water and heat transport away from the cathode, and this is why reversible heat transfer should not be neglected in fuel cell studies. © 2022 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC
ISSN: 0360-3199
Appears in Collections:Kimya Mühendisliği Bölümü Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu

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