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Title: Atmospheric micro (nano) plastics: future growing concerns for human health
Authors: Bhat, Mansoor Ahmad
Gedik, Kadir
Gaga, Eftade O.
Keywords: Combustion
Polymeric particles
Occupational health
Research needs
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers
Persistent Organic Pollutants
Brominated Flame Retardants
Stimulated Raman-Scattering
Polycarbonate Baby Bottles
Interstitial Lung-Disease
Polyvinyl-Chloride Dust
Flock Workers Lung
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Plastics are an integral but largely inconspicuous part of daily human routines. The present review paper uses cross-disciplinary scientific literature to examine and assess the possible effects of nanoplastics (NPs) concerning microplastics (MPs) on human health and summarizes crucial areas for future research. Although research on the nature and consequences of MPs has seen a substantial rise, only limited studies have concentrated on the atmospheric nanosized polymeric particles. However, due to the intrinsic technological complications in separating and computing them, their existence has been difficult to determine correctly. There is a consensus that these are not only existing in the environment but can get directly released or as the outcome of weathering of larger fragments, and it is believed to be that combustion can be the tertiary source of polymeric particles. NPs can have harmful consequences on human health, and their exposure may happen via ingestion, inhalation, or absorption by the skin. The atmospheric fallout of micro (nano) plastics may be responsible for contaminating the environment. Apart from this, different drivers affect the concentration of micro (nano) plastics in every environment compartment like wind, water currents, vectors, soil erosion, run-off, etc. Their high specific surface for the sorption of organic pollutions and toxic heavy metals and possible transfer between organisms at different nutrient levels make the study of NPs an urgent priority. These NPs could potentially cause physical damage by the particles themselves and biological stress by NPs alone or by leaching additives. However, there is minimal understanding of the occurrence, distribution, abundance, and fate of NPs in the environment, partially due to the lack of suitable techniques for separating and identifying NPs from complex environmental matrices.
ISSN: 1873-9318
Appears in Collections:PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Çevre Mühendisliği Bölümü Koleksiyonu

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