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Title: Influence of Multi-Orbitals and Hund's Coupling Induced Pseudogap on Specific Heat Jump in Iron-Pnictide High T (c) Superconductors
Authors: Ahalawat, Madhavi
Rani, Luxmi
Keywords: iron-pnictide superconductors
Hund's coupling
specific heat
Coulomb Interactions
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Wiley-V C H Verlag Gmbh
Abstract: A three-orbital per site theoretical model study is attempted to analyze the nature of specific heat in iron-based superconductors. Based on recent experimental data, it is found that the five Fe 3d orbitals, Hund's coupling, and intra- and inter-electron orbital correlations play a significant role in the electronic properties of these systems. Thus, in the present work, a model Hamiltonian containing hopping between orbitals, Hund's coupling, and intra- and inter-orbital Coulomb interactions is employed for iron pnictide. Employing Green's function technique within Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) mean-field approximation, expressions of superconducting energy gap parameter and quasiparticle energies are obtained. Considering these parameters, specific heat is calculated and its variation with temperature and other parameters of the model Hamiltonian is analyzed. Also, a pseudogap (PG) parameter, arising out of multi-orbitals' Hund's coupling, as supported by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy experiments, is introduced. The expression of specific heat is numerically analyzed to pinpoint its variation below and above the transition temperature (T (c)). Self-consistent numerical analysis of the specific heat jump as a function of multi-orbital hopping, electron interactions, and Hund's coupling in terms of PG parameter is shown in detail. Finally, the outcomes are compared with recent theoretical and experimental data available on specific heat variations in iron superconductors like LaOFeAs system.
ISSN: 0370-1972
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