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Title: Investigation of indoor and outdoor air quality in a university campus during COVID-19 lock down period
Authors: Bhat, Mansoor Ahmad
Eraslan, Fatma Nur
Awad, Alaa
Malkoç, Semra
Üzmez, Özden
Döğeroğlu, Tuncay
Gaga, Eftade O.
Keywords: Bioaerosols
COVID-19 pandemic period
Gaseous & PM( 2.5 )emissions
Indoor air quality
University campus
Diesel Exhaust Particles
Particulate Matter
Seasonal Distribution
Airborne Bacteria
Spatial Variation
Urban City
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Abstract: The pandemic of COVID-19 currently shadows the world; the whole earth has been on an unprecedented lockdown. Social distancing among people interrupted domestic and international air traffic, suspended industrial productions and economic activities, and had various far-reaching and undetermined implications on air quality. Improvement in air quality has been reported in many cities during the lockdown. On March 22, 2020, the Turkish government enforced strict lockdown measures to reduce coronavirus disease transmission. This lockdown had a significant impact on the movement of people within the country, which resulted in a major drop in worldwide commercial activities. During this period, university campuses were emptied due to the transition to distance education. In this study, various air pollutants sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O-3), fine particulate matter (PM2.5), total bacteria, and total fungi were measured in different indoor environments at Eskis , ehir Technical University Campus in Eskis , ehir, Turkey during COVID-19 lock down period. Also, to calculate the indoor and outdoor ratios (I/O) of the pollutants, simultaneous outdoor measurements were also carried out. The average indoor SO2, NO2, O-3, and PM2.5 concentrations in different indoor environments ranged between 2.10 and 54.58, 1.36-30.89, 12.01-39.05, and 21-94 mu g/m(3), respectively. The total number of bacteria and fungi ranged between 21.83-514.15 and 13.10-83.36 CFU/m(3), respectively. Our study intends to give a glimpse to quantify the impact of a pandemic on air quality in different indoor environments in a university campus in Eskis , ehir, Turkey and calls for follow-up studies. Indoor concentrations were evaluated together with outdoor concentrations. In general, it can be said that the calculated I/O ratios for SO2, NO2, O-3, bacteria, and fungi were less than 1 in most indoor environments.
ISSN: 0360-1323
Appears in Collections:PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
Çevre Mühendisliği Bölümü Koleksiyonu

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