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Title: Cannabis sativa L. Spectral Discrimination and Classification Using Satellite Imagery and Machine Learning
Authors: Bıçaklı, Fatih
Kaplan, Gordana
Alqasemi, Abduldaem S.
Keywords: remote sensing
Cannabis sativa L.
spectral signature
machine learning
Opium Poppy
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Mdpi
Abstract: Crops such as cannabis, poppy, and coca tree are used to make illicit and addictive drugs. Detection and mapping of such crops can be significant for the controlled growth of the plants, thus supporting the prevention of illegal production. Remote sensing has the ability to monitor areas for cannabis growing. However, in the scientific literature, there is relatively little information on the spectral features of cannabis. Here in this study, we aim to: (1) offer a literature review on the studies investigating Cannabis sativa L. using remote sensing data; (2) define the spectral features of cannabis fields and other plants found in areas where cannabis is produced in northern Turkey; (3) apply machine learning algorithms for distinguishing cannabis from non-cannabis fields. For the purposes of this study, high-resolution imagery from PlanetScope satellites was used. The investigation showed that the most significant difference between cannabis and the other investigated plants was noticed in May-June. The classification results showed that, with Random Forest (RF) cannabis, fields can be accurately classified with accuracy higher than 93%. Following these results, the investigations with machine learning techniques showed promising results for classifying cannabis fields.
ISSN: 2077-0472
Appears in Collections:Diğer Yayınlar Koleksiyonu
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