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Title: Comparison of ankle force, mobility, flexibility, and plantar pressure values in athletes according to foot posture index
Authors: Kalender, Hülya
Lizuner, Kubilay
Şimşek, Deniz
Bayram, İsmail
Keywords: Flexibility
foot posture index
plantar pressure
Arch Height
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Baycinar Medical Publ-Baycinar Tibbi Yayincilik
Abstract: Objectives: This study aims to compare ankle force, mobility, flexibility, and plantar pressure distribution of athletes according to foot posture index (FPI). Patients and methods: Between September 2016 and May 2018, a total of 70 volunteer male athletes (mean age: 21.14 +/- 2.28 years; range, 18 to 25 years) were included. The athletes were divided into three groups according to their FPI as follows: having supinated feet (Group 1, n=16), neutral/normal feet (Group 2, n=36), or pronated feet (Group 3, n=18). Ankle range of motion (ROM), muscle flexibility, ankle joint strength, and plantar pressure distribution were measured. Results: There were significant differences among the three groups in both right and left ankle dorsiflexion ROM (p=0.009 and p=0.003, respectively). Group 1 had significantly smaller dorsiflexion ROM than the other groups. Group 1 also showed significantly less flexibility in the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles than the other foot posture groups. Groups 2 and 3 exhibited significant differences in the maximum torque (p=0.018), maximum work (p=0.008), and total work (p=0.008) of the right plantar flexor muscles at 60 degrees/sec angular velocity. Peak pressure measurements of the right foot were higher in Group 1, compared to Groups 2 and 3 (p<0.001). Conclusion: The results of this study may help to enhance athletic performance by providing a guide for designing training programs appropriate for athletes with different foot types to address their specific muscle flexibility and strength deficiencies.
ISSN: 2587-1250
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